愚人节的有关知识

  • 愚人节的有关知识
备注: 时间:2018-03-24 13:33:38 阅读:0 次

愚人节也称万愚节、幽默节,是西方社会民间传统节日,节期在每年4月1日。愚人节与古罗马的嬉乐节和印度的欢悦节有相似之处。

  在欧美一些国家,这一天,人们以多种方式开周围的人的玩笑,上当者当被告知是愚人节时,才恍然大悟,所以这一天总是能够引出许多笑话,不过某些玩笑也会因开得过大而引起人们的恐慌,或改变形势衍生成为(网络)谣言。但是,玩笑最晚只能开到中午12点,这是约定俗成的严格规矩。

愚人节基本简介

  每年的四月一日,是西方的民间传统节日——愚人节(April Fool's Day),也称万愚节。对于它的起源众说纷纭:一种说法认为这一习俗源自印度的“诠俚节”。该节规定,每年三月三十一日的节日这天,不分男女老幼,可以互开玩笑、互相愚弄欺骗以换得娱乐。

  较普遍的说法是起源于法国。1564年,法国首先采用新改革的纪年法——格里历(即通用的阳历),以一月一日为一年的开端,改变了过去以四月一日作为新年开端的历法。新历法推行过程中,一些因循守旧的人反对这种改革仍沿袭旧历,拒绝更新。

  他们依旧在四月一日这天互赠礼物,组织庆祝新年的活动。主张改革的人对这些守旧者的做法大加嘲弄。聪明滑稽的人在四月一日这天给顽固派赠送假礼物,邀请他们参加假庆祝会,并把这些受愚弄的人称为“四月傻瓜”或“上钩之鱼”。以后,他们在这天互相愚弄,日久天长便成为法国流行的一种风俗。该节在十八世纪流传到英国,后来又被英国早期移民带到了美国。

  起初,任何美国人都可以炮制骇人听闻的消息,而且不负丝毫的道德和法律责任,政府和司法部门也不会追究。相反,谁编造的谎言最离奇、最能骗取人们相信,谁还会荣膺桂冠。这种做法给社会带来不少混乱,因而引起人们的不满。人们节日期间的愚弄欺骗已不再像过去那样离谱,而是以轻松欢乐为目的。

愚人节的英文词汇介绍

  1.April fool’s day 愚人节

  2.Happy April fool’s day!愚人节快乐!

  3.prank /præŋk/ 恶作剧,开玩笑

愚人节的英文习俗介绍

  Fool's Day, people are often a family gathering, with daffodils and daisies decorated the room. A typical arrangement of the traditional approach is to leave the environment, can be like Christmas, like the room layout. Can also be arranged like Chinese New Year, when the guests, then congratulations to them "Merry Christmas" or "Happy New Year," it was interesting to feel unique.

  April 1 fish feast. Is also spectacular. The invitation to participate in the fish dinner, usually made of colored cardboard fish. Table with the green and white decorated. Put the middle of the tank and the slim, sleek fishing rod, each rod all on a green streamers hanging from a gift given to guests, or a delicate celluloid fish, or a fish basket full of candy. It goes without saying that all the fish feast of fish dishes are made of.

  In Fool's Day gathering, there is a bogus food custom. Someone once described a typical Fool's Day recipe: First, a "salad", lettuce leaves, sprinkled with green pepper, but the leaves are opened only after the oyster cocktail was originally found in the following; second course is "baked potato" In fact Here is sweet bread crumbs and fresh mushrooms; after the dishes are disguised with the crab meat to make chicken and tomato salad buried in the following raspberry ice cream. After dinner, guests can also be fed from the pill in the box candy.

  However, the most typical activities Fool's Day is still a joke about each other, tease each other with lies. Some people have thin Shuanzhao wallet on the street throwing themselves in the dark holding the other end of the line. If someone picked up the wallet, they are a rude surprise to pull the purse away. It was also put on the broken bricks hat resting on the road below them, and then waiting to see who had a meeting kicking it around. The children will tell parents that their bags Poliaogedong, or his face is black spots. And other adults leaned over when one looks at while they shouted "April Fool." One side with a smile ran away to go. In short, every Fool's Day On this day,Zoo and Aquarium also received a number of calls to fish (fish) Mr. Cheng Leon (lion) Mr. telephone, often kicking up clouds of staff cut off the telephone lines in order to reduce trouble.

  愚人节时,人们常常组织家庭聚会,用水仙花和雏菊把房间装饰一新。典型的传统做法是布置假环境,可以把房间布置得像过圣诞节一样.也可以布置得像过新年一样,待客人来时,则祝贺他们“圣诞快乐”或“新年快乐”,令人感到别致有趣。

  4月1日的鱼宴。也是别开生面的。参加鱼宴的请帖,通常是用纸板做成的彩色小鱼。餐桌用绿、白两色装饰起来.中间放上鱼缸和小巧玲珑的钓鱼竿,每个钓竿上系一条绿色飘带,挂着送给客人的礼物或是一个精巧的赛璐珞鱼,或是一个装满糖果的鱼篮子。不言而喻,鱼宴上所有的菜都是用鱼做成的。

  愚人节的聚会上,还有一种做假菜的风俗。有人曾经描述过一个典型的愚人节菜谱:先是一道"色拉",liuxue86.com莴苣叶上撒满了绿胡椒,但是把叶子揭开后,才发现下面原来是牡蛎鸡尾酒;第二道菜是"烤土豆",其实下面是甜面包屑和鲜蘑;此后上的菜还有用蟹肉作伪装的烧鸡和埋藏在西红柿色拉下面的覆盆子冰淇淋。饭后,客人还可以从药丸盒里取食糖果。

  不过愚人节最典型的活动还是大家互相开玩笑,用假话捉弄对方。有的人把细线拴着的钱包丢在大街上,自己在暗处拉着线的另一端。一旦有人捡起钱包,他们就出其不意地猛然把钱包拽走。还有人把砖头放在破帽子下面搁在马路当中,然后等着看谁来了会踢它。小孩们会告诉父母说自己的书包破了个洞,或者脸上有个黑点.等大人俯身来看时,他们就一边喊着"四月傻瓜"。一边笑着跑开去。总之,每逢愚人节这一天,动物园和水族馆还会接到不少打给菲什(鱼)先生成莱昂(狮子)先生的电话,常常惹得工作人员掐断电话线,以便减少麻烦。


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